What All The Different Skin Types Mean
With different skin types it can make finding a skin care routine and skin care products that work for you so much more difficult.
There are five different skin types:
Image Source/ Reflections Organic
Why are there different skin types?
Like many things about the human body, skin types are predominantly determined by our genetic makeup. Similarly to how we all have different coloured eyes and hair, we all have different types of skin too.
It’s important to note that skin types differ to skin conditions.
One way of determining your skin type is to keep a skin diary. You can calculate what your skin feels like at different times of the month – with hormones, your diet and environmental factors all playing a role in how your skin both feels and looks. It is recommended that you follow up with this for around three months to determine exactly what type of skin you have.
Normal Skin Type
This skin type isn’t prone to sensitivity and doesn’t usually have large pores. Usually, people who fall under this category can use any type of skincare without it aggravating their skin too much.
Dry Skin Type
Their skin feels tight, flakes and can look dull or uneven. People with this skin type are more sensitive to sun exposure and wind which can make their skin worse; especially in the colder months.
Use gentle exfoliators and cleansers remove any dead skin cells. Rich moisturisers will also keep hydration levels up.
Oily Skin Type
Oily skin peeps gradually get a layer of ‘shine’ also known as an oily T-Zones throughout the day. If this excessive oil isn’t removed properly, it can start to block the pores which can result in acne.
It may seem annoying, but it will slow down the signs of ageing.
Using oil-free, gel-based cleansers and moisturisers can help reduce the overactive sebum production (shine).
It may seem tempting to cover any excess shine with a mattifying powder, but this can actually make any acne worse. Blotting papers are a substitute for this which will also stop any excess blocking of pores. Many beauty brands now sell them including NYX and even Chanel.
Combination Skin Type
If you have combination skin, you’ll know the struggle of oily or dry skin in different parts of your face. So, for example, combination/ oily means that someone suffers with predominantly oily skin, but is dry some areas. Combination skin can also come in other ‘combinations’.
Some brands have skincare that has been specifically designed for combination skin but you can also use gentle cleansers and oil free moisturisers to try and balance things.
Sensitive Skin Type
Sensitive skin comes in various guises: redness, itchiness and puffiness are just some of the reactions.
The skin is sensitive – an organ that can react to a multitude of climates, meaning that air-con, heating and wind can have an affect. Choosing fragrance free products can help reduce sensitivity as well as dabbing your face dry after washing.
How do skin types and skin conditions differ?
Skin types are permanent whereas skin conditions are temporary, usually medication or topical treatments can help control them.
Acne prone skin is one skin condition. It is caused by inflamed and infected sebaceous glands – the exact same glands which make skin oily.
In order to keep spots at bay, it’s important to remove dirt and makeup to clean the pores. Skincare expert Caroline Hirons recommends a ‘double cleanse’ in the evenings; one to remove your makeup and another to clean the pores.
She has even created her own double cleanse product in collaboration with Pixi.
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It’s also important for those who suffer from acne to clean their makeup brushes often in order to reduce the amount of bacteria build-up which can worsen the skin condition.
Dehydration is another skin condition. You might think that you have a dry skin type but you’re incorrect. Dehydrated skin is determined by your skin’s lack of water content, meaning that even oily skin can become dehydrated.
Four tell tale signs of dehydrated skin are:
Itchy skin – external elements can remove moisture from the skin
Dull skin – when skin is dehydrated, it does not shed fast enough and therefore gives a dull appearance
Increased sensitivity – dehydrated skin cannot protect itself properly making it more sensitive
Fine lines and wrinkles – if your cheeks show triangular fine lines when pinched, this is evidence of dehydration
According to Caroline Hirons, there are two types of UV rays that we need to be concerned about:
UVA accounts for 95% of the UV radiation hitting the earth. This causes skin damage as it penetrates through glass and clouds and plays a major part in skin ageing and wrinkles.
UVB causes damage to the top layer of the skin and can burn unprotected skin in as little as 15 minutes.
The damage that these sun rays can do isn’t always visible with the naked eye, but sometimes turns into visible pigmentation marks.
Wearing an SPF everyday can help prevent any damage to the skin.
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Rosacea is a skin condition in which your skin can become red, raised, flushed and sensitive.
The condition usually goes through phases of fading and relapse. Relapses can be triggered by stress, alcohol, spicy food and sunlight.
Image Source/ Medical News Today