Lacto Vegetarian - The 7 Types Of Vegetarianism - Femanin

Lacto Vegetarian – The 7 Types Of Vegetarianism

Only just understood plant-based diets? You won’t be happy to know there’s more! From lacto vegetarian and vegan what are the 7 types of vegetarianism?

Board full of fruit and vegetables - what is a lacto vegetarian diet?

Image Source/ The Independent

Where has the inundation of vegetarian or vegan diets come from?..

It is believed that there are now SEVEN types of vegetarianism. It is believed that:

‘There’s more of an emphasis now on plant-based diets, and a lot of people want to explore different degrees of this.

‘That’s why we’re seeing more people interested in different types of vegetarian diets versus just being straight-up vegan or vegetarian’.

In 2018, 8% of the worlds population was vegetarian and it is likely that this number has increased since then.

There are many health benefits to eating predominantly plant foods. For example, vegetarian food has shown to reduce your risk of cancer and improve your heart health by lowering your chance of getting heart disease.

The increase in fruits and vegetables has a positive benefit of the amount of fibre and antioxidants in your diet which can help with weight loss and the stabilisation of blood sugar.

What are the different types of vegetarianism?..

Flexitarian diet

As can be suspected, a flexitarian diet means someone who is a vegetarian… when it suits them. It has been suggested that people who can eat plant-based five or more days a week are flexitarians, any less than that and you are considered a ‘semi-vegetarian’.

They predominantly eat plant-based foods but will eat animal products when they fancy it.  Experts recommend it to people who are new to plant-based diets and those who don’t have much time for food planning.

Some of the reasons for going flexitarian include:

  • Religious restrictions
  • Weight management
  • Health consciousness
  • Issues relating to animal rights
  • The environment

Pescatarian diet

Pescatarians are like the next-level of vegetarianism; they include fish into their diet to maintain some sort of protein. It is likely that pescatarians also eat dairy products such as milk, cheese and eggs.

Despite there being many positive affects on your health by leading a pescatarian lifestyle, including the increase in omega-3 fatty acids, there can be some adverse affects.

Health professionals warn pescatarians about the amount of mercury they consume. Fish high in mercury are mackerel, swordfish and tuna. Low-mercury fish are salmon, anchovies and shrimp.

Pollo Vegetarian diet

Perhaps one you have unheard of, pollo vegetarianism, or pollotarian, is where people eat plant-based but with the inclusion of poultry.

Poultry is the only meat that they eat and it is up to each individual person if they decide to eat fish, eggs and dairy products.

Image Source/ Instagram

Lacto Vegetarian diet

As can be imagined, lacto vegetarians are those who eat plant-based AND dairy products. Foods they do avoid are meat, seafood and eggs.

That means cheese AND ice cream are on offer with this diet! Experts do recommend keeping the amount of dairy consumed to a minimum though, as many rich foods can make you both constipated and bloated.

Even though lacto vegetarian might be considered a new diet, it has actually been around for a long time!

For example, in the early eighteenth century, Scottish doctor George Cheyne was an advocate of the diet as a way to help obesity and other health issues.

Another reason for eating this way is for religion. Religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism follow lacto vegetarian diets as it follows their non-violence law, also known as ahimsa.

Ovo Vegetarian diet

Ovo vegetarians are categorised as eating eggs and plant-based. They do not eat meat, dairy or fish.

It isn’t that popular, but those who are ovo vegetarian usually follow this lifestyle for ethical reasons.

Health professionals do tell people who follow this diet to ensure that the eggs they eat are organic, due to pesticides.

Lacto-ovo Vegetarian diet

Lacto-ovo, or ovo-lacto, vegetarianism is a mixture of the former two!

It is one of the most traditional vegetarian diets. It allows people to eat plant-based products, dairy AND eggs. So is best for people who want to be vegetarian but not vegan.

Experts say that if you are feeling tired or dissatisfied by the diet, to check how much protein and nutrients you are getting. It might be worth taking some supplements, such as iron, zinc or omega-3 to help increase any potential deficits.

Vegan diet

As is pretty well known, veganism is a very strict diet. A form of vegetarianism, people eat only plant-based products.

Veganism isn’t the easiest of diets and requires lots of planning. Due to the lack of meat, fish, dairy and eggs, experts advise that vegans take some supplements to ensure they are getting enough nutrients and minerals.

Thankfully, many supermarkets and restaurants are now catering to vegan needs. For example, M&S have their ‘Plant Kitchen’ range and Tesco have ‘Plant Chef’ and ‘Wicked Kitchen’.

Image Source/ Instagram

Which celebrities are vegetarian?..

There are numerous celebrities who follow some form of the vegetarian diet.

For example, Liam Hemsworth said in an interview with Men’s Journal,

‘My own health, and after all the information I gathered about the mistreatment of animals, I couldn’t continue to eat meat’

‘The more I was aware of, the harder and harder it was to do’.

Other vegetarian stars include, Ariana Grande, Kristen Bell, Russell Brand, Natalie Portman, Ruby Rose, Jenna Dewan and Chloë Grace Moretz. With the Kick-Ass star even tweeting:

Image Source/ Twitter

Natalie even posts her veggie recipes on her Instagram!

‘This roasted cauliflower recipe is so easy but takes time! What are your easiest #plantbased recipes?

Recipe:
1. Preheat oven to 400
2. Trim leaves of cauliflower and cut stall so it stands upright
3. Boil head down for 5 minutes 
4. Place on baking tray stalk down so it stands 
5. Cover with avocado oil and sprinkle with salt 
6. Put in over for 1/5 – 2 hours 
7. Every half hour, take it out and cover it again with avocado oil 
8. Take out when top gets golden brown’.